Tooth decay is a destructive process that causes a degeneration of the external structures of the tooth. This disease is widespread and affects many people at least once in a lifetime. The carious tooth appears with an area of corrosion that can be simple or penetrating. Initially, the caries is asymptomatic. After few times, it can present pain, swelling, halitosis, sensitivity to heat, cold, sweet and acid, as decay become deeper the tooth becomes more sensitive. The pain increases until it becomes very strong and intense.
To treat the decayed teeth there is the removal of the affected tissues. There is obscuration with the appropriate material of the cavity caused by the carious process. To prevent this disease you have to pay close attention to oral hygiene, avoid taking too many sugars. Try to make suitable diets and make periodic dental visits.
Types of tooth decay
Teeth are very important for this it is advisable to prevent dental and mouth diseases. The first thing to prevent dental problems is oral hygiene.
To prevent tooth decay, for example, you must use the toothbrush correctly after each meal, use dental floss, and use fluoride supplements. They are very important and collect at least twice a year from the dentist for check-ups. The cavities can be formed in different parts of the tooth, precisely for this reason the caries are classified into:
- Decay Distal, is the problems that are formed on the surface between two teeth, facing the bottom of the mouth.
- Decay Mesial, facing the opening of the mouth.
- Buccal decay, it is the problems that form on the surface towards the cheeks.
- Lingual decay, which is shaped towards the tongue.
- Occasional decay, it forms on the masticatory surface.
Causes of tooth decay
The causes of tooth decay are many, among these in premiums; we find a bad oral hygiene, shape, and position of the teeth. Also inheritance and nutrition. Cavities begin with the enamel until it begins to deepen further.
The tooth is cared for by the dentist, who after various thorough examinations, will eliminate all traces of caries, then prepare the tooth and then clog it. The tooth is restored with the selected material according to the position of the obtained cavity; in case of pulpitis, the tooth must be revitalized. Keep reading Symptoms and Diagnosis of Tooth Decay
The symptoms of tooth decay
Sensitization of the attacked part, neuralgia, etc. all symptoms that indicate caries when it is formed. The video offers an early diagnosis of caries with a laser that allows you to see tooth decay already at the beginning.
The diagnosis of caries lesions is very important as it allows acting and clogging the tooth and then healing it. Caries is a destructive process that first affects the enamel. It spreads deeper and deeper until it destroys the tooth. Usually, caries is caused by acids that form in the mouth, bacterial plaque and poor oral hygiene.
Tooth decay treatment
It is often thought that caries affects only people in adulthood. This is not actually truthful. Even in children or in any case in young people can present tooth decay in the milk teeth. It is good to remove them even if then these teeth, with time, will fall naturally.
Deciduous teeth have very important functions and must not be neglected. Certainly, if the tooth already swings and is about to fall before tooth decay can cause damage, it is not necessary to remove it. Otherwise, it is good to carry out a specific treatment. Because cavities affect a baby tooth can reach shortly time to attack a definitive tooth.
Decay in milk teeth sprouts a couple of years after the first teeth are formed around the fourth year of birth. The causes are always the same for any age group: sugars, bacteria formation, and plaque appearance.
Tooth decay in children
The sugars in contact with the tooth enamel create an acidic environment that favors the onset of caries. But it often happens that the child does not take directly substances that contaminate our mouth. It happens more frequently, especially at an early age. At the parents, the mother in general, to infect the baby (in case the parents had the infected oral cavity).
A prolonged breastfeeding, both to the bottle and to the mother’s breast. It can be at the origin of this pathology but it can also occur when you taste. For example, the baby’s baby stuffed with the same spoon or inserting in the baby’s cable any instrument previously contaminated like a pacifier that we clean with our water.
In short, just the water. It may have different acidity depending on the subject, turns out to be the “best” means for the transfer of germs and bacteria. The anterior maxillaries and the fallen molars are the ones most prone to bacterial attacks. Because of the modalities that a child has more or less small, to suck, to chew and to swallow.
It is good, as we rightly say, to prevent more than cure. So, we integrate into our son’s supply of fluorine, in drops or tablets. In order to have a good prophylaxis to fight the onset of tooth decay.
We are careful not to swallow substances contaminated by germs (we pass everything under the water before they put it in the mouth). Limit the intake of sugars especially sweets and various sweets and brush the teeth, from the gum down, after every meal. By following these simple rules of tooth decay, it will be possible to keep the dentist off.
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